Resources for Working with Multilingual Writers

Writing Across the Curriculum

Campus Resources

Consult with UW’s ESL staff, 5134 Helen C. White (, 263-3780). The ESL program offers a sequence of courses to improve the skills of multilingual students in reading, speaking, and writing English.

Encourage students to seek out the Writing Center, 6171 Helen C. White Hall (, 263-1992). Please have realistic expectations, though, for how much and how quickly the Writing Center can help. It takes time, sustained instruction, and hard work on a student’s part to make significant progress.

Contact the GUTS Tutorial Program, 333 East Campus Mall, Suite 4413 (, 263-5666). This program connects UW students with volunteer tutors for assistance with academic courses, study skills, conversational English, and intercultural exchange.

Online Resources

CCCC Statement on Second Language Writing and Writers:

Writing Across Borders, directed by Wayne Robertson of Oregon State University: Available on YouTube

Only thirty minutes long, this film presents international students’ perspectives on writing in U.S. universities, accompanied by advice for instructors from ESL specialists. The website offers a discussion guide for those who are using the film for professional development purposes.

Print Resources

Canagarajah, A. Suresh. “Toward a Writing Pedagogy of Shuttling Between Languages: Learning from Multilingual Writers.”

College English 68.6 (2006): 589–604.

Ferris, Dana. “The ‘Grammar Correction’ Debate in L2 Writing.” Journal of Second Language Writing 13.1 (2004): 49–62.

Fraiberg, Steven. “Composition 2.0: Toward a Multilingual and Multimodal Framework.” College Composition and Communication 62.1 (2010): 100–26.

Hinkel, Eli. Teaching Academic ESL Writing: Practical Techniques in Vocabulary and Grammar. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004.

Horner, Bruce, Min-Zhan Lu, Jacqueline Jones Royster, and John Trimbur. “Language Difference in Writing: Toward a Translingual Approach.” College English 73.3 (2011): 303–21.

Leki, Ilona. Understanding ESL Writers: A Guide for Teachers. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1992.

Matsuda, Paul. “The Myth of Linguistic Homogeneity in U.S. College Composition.” College English 68.6 (2006): 637–51.

Raimes, Ann. “What Unskilled ESL Students Do as They Write: A Classroom Study of Composing.” TESOL Quarterly 19.2 (1985): 229–58.

Roberge, Mark, Meryl Siegal, and Linda Harklau. Generation 1.5 in College Composition: Teaching Academic Writing to U.S.-Educated Learners of ESL. NY: Routledge, 2009.

Smitherman, Geneva, and Victor Villanueva, eds. Language Diversity in the Classroom: From Intention to Practice. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 2003.

Zamel, Vivian. “Strangers in Academia: The Experiences of Faculty and ESL Students Across the Curriculum.” College Composition and Communication 46.4 (1995): 506–21.

Zamel, Vivian and Ruth Spack, eds. Crossing the Curriculum: Multilingual Learners in College Classrooms. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 2004.