The Social Center: Why Writing Centers Need Twitter

The Online Writing Center / Monday, May 6th, 2013
Mike Shapiro (front, beard) pictured with the UW–Madison Writing Center’s email instruction team. Photo by Jessie Reeder.
Mike Shapiro (front, beard) pictured with the UW–Madison Writing Center’s email instruction team. Photo by Jessie Reeder.

By Mike Shapiro, a graduate student and the online coordinator of the University of Wisconsin–Madison Writing Center.

At its best, Twitter looks like the perfect tool for promoting any writing center’s goals: it privileges writing, supports lively conversations, and develops long-term relationships between writers and readers. Twitter can remind students, faculty, and administrators, every day, of the center’s services. At the same time, Twitter can help writing centers around the world stay in touch, sharing new programming and approaches.

For our Writing Center at UW–Madison, the reality of how we use Twitter falls short of this ideal. This spring, I got the chance to work with a team of instructors who turned their critical eyes on our Twitter feed. We compared our tweets to those coming from other centers, and to tweets coming from campus programs that use Twitter to build strong relationships with students. This exploration confirmed for us that Twitter is not merely a powerful vehicle but a necessary one for our Writing Center, a tool that gives us one more way to work directly with our students and to help them see themselves as writers.

The infancy and toddlerhood of @uwwritingcenter
Our experiments with Twitter in the writing center began in September 2008, when I emailed our director at the UW–Madison writing center, Brad Hughes, and Rik Hunter (@rikhunter), that year’s online coordinator, to suggest we use Twitter as a “notification service” to establish @uwwritingcenter as “a digital Vacancies / No Vacancies sign.” At first, we just used Twitter to broadcast availability at our drop-in satellites around campus, so students turned away from our busy table at College Library could see there were plenty of openings across the street at Memorial Library. There were anecdotes about students who found their way to an opening because of our Twitter feed, but no proof that the time our administrators and tutors dedicated to tweeting was building a better relationship with students.

Standing alone at the party
It turns out that our center was not alone in this broadcast approach to Twitter, or in its suspicions about its effectiveness. Jackie Grutsch McKinney (@jrgmckinney), of the Ball State University Writing Center (@wc_bsu), observed in a 2010 column in the Writing Lab Newsletter (@WLNewsletter) that writing centers use Twitter almost exclusively to “provide information,” rarely using it to engage students. This struck McKinney as “so un-writing center-like.” Jennifer Marciniak of the University of Louisville Writing Center (@UofLWritingCtr) ran the same survey more recently, and again found that centers—including our own—had largely ignored McKinney’s advice and continued to use Twitter as a broadcast tool.

If the whole point of social media is to be social, why was our center using Twitter like the digital equivalent of taping a poster in the elevator? One social media expert (Joel Ninmann of @HousingUW) encourages institutions to think about Twitter as a kind of party, with its cacophony of voices speaking at once. The broadcasting approach, he says, is the party-going equivalent of standing alone in the corner spouting out your observations to no one in particular. To become a popular kid at the party, you need to interact with the other people who are there and slowly build those interactions into a relationship.

Do we even need it?
Marciniak found that students, unlike centers, are very good at using Twitter to create genuine relationships, to talk to each other at the party, but she also worried what it might mean for a writing center to copy students’ social media tricks. Would we oversaturate our campuses with frivolous side conversations? Or invade our students’ (perceived) privacy? Could the tweeting center waste its limited time on a social tool that could, in five years, look as faddish and short-lived as MySpace or Google+? She ends by asking “do we even need it?”

The #UWSocial movement
Marciniak’s questions struck a chord with us. Our Twitter strategy, unchanged since 2008, fell short of our commitment to person-to-person interaction, and was also falling out of step with our university’s exploding interest in social media. Over the last few years, communications professionals from across our campus established the #UWSocial movement. Their goal was to help departments and programs establish rich social media relationships, aiming at the long-term goal of strengthening connections among faculty, students, administrators, alumni, prospective students, state legislators, and the public. Their experiments include @UWPowersMe, a @sweden-style account taken over by a new tweeter from the University of Wisconsin system each week, and UW Right Now, an amazing project that helped make the life of the public university visible by sharing thousands of stories and images from a single day. At the core of the #UWSocial idea is something every writing center values: powerful, one-to-one interactions between programs and students.

The Writing Center is trending!
The Writing Center is trending on The Weekly.

Bringing our center into the #UWSocial fold
To transition our Writing Center Twitter feed from its spouting-from-the-corner approach to a social, interactive presence, we convened a team of social media experts from our writing center staff. Jessie (@jesstype), Kevin, Kim, Leah, Nmachi and I read McKinney and Marciniak’s critiques, scrutinized the feeds of active writing centers, and then got together with #UWSocial Jedi master Alex Kowalsky (@a_kowalsky) to grill him about the rhetoric of 140-character messages. Alex counseled us to measure success not in follower counts or increased workshop attendance, though of course both of those numbers can be important, but on the basis of genuine interactions with students. He reassured us that students know their tweets are not private, and urged us to start conversations with them about their writing. He got us thinking about the multiple audiences any academic Twitter feed must satisfy, and about how to find the right ratio of informational tweets to fun tweets.

A necessary good
By studying how campus programs use Twitter to identify and support students who might not otherwise think about themselves as part of a community, our team agreed that Twitter was a necessary good if we wanted to support and engage with the culture of campus writers as they were sitting at their computers to write. Like any tutor-directed project, the coordinator in charge of the center account will rotate out every year, leaving a new coordinator to take over the management of the account while retaining something of the center’s original voice. To guide each year’s online coordinator, we negotiated our way to a position statement guiding our Writing Center’s use of Twitter, opening with a direct call to our mission statement: “Twitter gives the Center direct, one-on-one contact with students that is designed to support, encourage, and direct them as writers.” In the document, we establish a tweeting protocol by describing the center’s persona, listing the kinds of tweets appropriate for our mission, and showing examples of how an academic program can engage its community, peers, and students with professionalism and humor.

@uwwritingcenter’s adolescence
At four and a half years old, our Twitter feed counts as an internet teenager, and our tweets look a little more mature than they looked 5 years ago. Informational tweets about availability and workshops still predominate, but their tone has grown friendlier and more fluent in the language of Twitter:


We are retweeting our tutors:

We are interacting with students who are tweeting about writing:

We are showing pictures of what we do:





We have used Twitter to build strong relationships with departments, libraries, and other academic programs on our campus, and we have used it as an excuse to talk to other writing centers around the country.

Along the way, we have gained followers and attracted students to our workshops and appointments, but we have also done the more important work of establishing relationships with our students and colleagues by engaging in direct, supportive conversations about writing on our campus.

Building your Twitter strategy
We have been lucky to be part of a university with a lively social media presence, but writing centers at schools with smaller social media presences have also found a great deal of success. Brian Hotson, director of the Writing Centre at Saint Mary’s University in Halifax, @SMUWritCentre, has built one of the largest Twitter followings of any writing center in the world by becoming his campus’s clearinghouse for links related to writing.

If you are just starting with Twitter, a recent UWCbLing post by Mark Jacobs, Social Media Coordinator at the University Center for Writing-Based Learning at DePaul (@DePaulUCWbL), lays out strategies for establishing your social presence.

Once you have mastered the basics of Twitter, the next step is to develop a strategy that fits your campus, your budget, and your personality. Our experiences suggest a few different considerations:

  • Design a username and avatar that signal your position, so that when you interact with students they see you as an institution rather than an individual.
  • Follow the feeds of other active writing centers, and of other programs on your campus that have a lively social media presence. Not everything they do will work for a writing center, but seeing what other centers are doing helped us better appreciate the range of writing that succeeded on Twitter.
  • Use Twitter’s powerful search bar to find out what students in your city are tweeting about their papers. For example, a search like “paper OR essay near:madison” will show you what Twitter users around us (most of whom are students) are saying about their drafts in progress. Responding to a student with a gentle, uplifting note can take just 40 seconds and create an amazing amount of goodwill.
  • Be attentive to time—how much you spend, and when your tweets go out. A tweet at 8 a.m. will reach a different kind of student than a tweet at 11 p.m. Clients like Tweetdeck (free) help you control when your tweets go out, which makes it possible to schedule a week’s worth of announcements in just a few minutes. A client will also make it possible to run your searches without extra clicking, so it only takes a glance to see what local students tweeting about their papers.

At its best, Twitter gives writing centers privileged insight into how our students feel about writing, and makes it possible for us to intervene in moments when they are struggling as writers.

16 Replies to “The Social Center: Why Writing Centers Need Twitter”

  1. Mike, thanks so much for this post. I love seeing ways our Writing Center at UW-Madison is using all available means to interact with students.

  2. Thanks so much for this post, Mike!

    From talking to you, I’ve been thinking about Twitter’s potential as a way to broadcast information and reach out to students on a larger scale, but I was excited to read about all of these great individual interactions on Twitter– somehow I never thought about the potential for that for Writing Center work! This post has really enhanced my understanding of the ways that Twitter can support and, as you say so convincingly here, provide us with a more direct connection with students while they’re writing.

  3. Mike, thanks so much for this article. I can see why writers would want to connect with your messages. We’re going to re-think the way we use our Twitter account in the light of what you’ve written here.

  4. The post turned out great! It’s so exciting to see a write up of the work our little group accomplished this semester. Like Kristiane, before we met with Alex, I only saw Twitter as a broadcasting tool, but my understanding has evolved since then. I now see Twitter as an important outreach tool that not only reaches out, but has the potential to draw students into conversations. I am excited to continue to build our Twitter presence and to reach more students next year!

  5. Mike, this article came at just the right time. Beginning new outreach projects can feel overwhelming, but you’ve made me feel empowered to start (how writing center-like!)

  6. Thanks so much for this post, Mike! Glad to hear about all the developments you’ve spearheaded. I really enjoyed seeing pics of the WC at work in the tweets; I feel like they give students, especially, those who haven’t visited yet, a sense of how the WC works and who they might work with.

    And thanks for the shout-out/link!

  7. Thanks for a detailed and thoughtful post. We’ve been trying a similar approach at the Texas A&M University Writing Center, @tamuwc, and I got a few more ideas from you, ideas which I will gratefully steal. I agree that twitter is a particularly useful tool for writers and readers.(And many authors, especially up-and-coming writers, are often amazingly open to talking with their readers via twitter.) One thing I’d add to the “Why bother?” question is that being engaged with social media is one more way for writing centers to model effective communication for students. In our center, we’re trying to encourage students to think about social media as a useful way to interact with their university, their instructors, scholars in their field, and potential employers. Is Twitter a passing fad? Possibly, but I think that, while the platforms may change, the idea of engaging with others through social media will be with us for quite a while.

  8. This is hugely helpful, Mike! We have been having nagging feelings that we should be using Twitter more and better, and I will be pointing our next social media guru toward this post. I agree with Rik that the photos add a lot (and it’s just nice to see the inside of the WC again!). Lots to think about here.

  9. Great post! It’s great to see that more writing centers are engaging in the use of social media to target students. I agree with Nancy that “social media is one more way for writing centers to model effective communication for students.” Yes! Writing is social by nature and by participating in this type social discourse, aren’t we reinforcing what it means to write, be a writer? Aren’t we reinforcing our value to the writing community and claiming our space in the conversation? I think social media can allow us to engage with the larger writing conversation, the larger writing community and show that we are part of community of practice, embedded in its process. Fantastic post! Great contribution!

  10. Great post, Mike. Can’t wait to talk with you guys some more at the Twitter party. Thanks for the shout-out!

  11. Thanks for this inspiring post! I have never thought about twitter in this way before.
    It is fascinating to see how UW Madison’s writing center is always able to start new things, but always thoughtful and always in a way that includes re-thinking about established structures. Congratulations!

  12. Thanks for this post, Mike, and for the mention. Your centre is doing pretty well, too!

    Twitter is a powerful tool, and as FB wanes (further), Twitter will become more important.

  13. Great post, Mike. You’ve inspired me to talk with my writing center’s new student assistant director about using Twitter for outreach and student writing support at UMM.

  14. What a wonderful orientation to Twitter and how our Writing Center’s social media interactivity is evolving. Thanks, Mike!

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